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What are Predatory Publishers?
According to Berger & Cirasella (2015), predatory journals are open access [or print] "journals that exist for the sole purpose of profit, not the dissemination of high-quality research findings and furtherance of knowledge. These predators generate profits by charging author fees, also known as article processing charges (APCs), that far exceed the cost of running their low-quality, fly-by-night operations."
Source: Berger, M., & Cirasella, J. (2015). Beyond Beall's list. College & Research Libraries News, 76(3), 132-135. Available from http://clrn.acrl.org
Cabell's International Directories is considered the authority for predatory journals since Jeffrey Beall's blog is no longer available. You may search Cabell's Whitelist or their Blacklist for confirmation of journal validity. Also available are journals by discipline and a variety of journal impact metrics.
Ulrich’sWeb Global Serials Directory lists over 300,000 journals that are daily overseen by a team of editors to maintain the knowledgebase to keep title information accurate and to educate publishers and providers. Each journal shows whether it is peer-reviewed, refereed, or an academic/scholarly journal.
EBSCO's Serials Directory verifies that all publishers, journals, and additional content types are legitimate. Predatory publishing is an area that EBSCO always looks into seriously before including new publishers.
Worldcat.org lists how many libraries own a journal
Many Open Access journals freely available on the Internet are indexed in library databases and may be trusted. For example, journal titles that are part of the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ) or the Freely Available Journals are available through library databases and may be trusted.
Neither Google nor Google Scholar provide a way to filter predatory journal titles from journals published through legitimate publishers or Open Access sources.
Kent Anderson in the Open Access Publishing Toolkit outlines common problems among predatory journals (York University Libraries. Open Access Publishing Toolkit):
Source: York University Libraries. (2015), Open Access Publishing Toolkit. Available from http://researchguides.library.yorku.ca/content.php?pid=258206&sid=2131076
a) Can you contact the publisher by telephone, e-mail and post?
b) Aims, scope, and expected readership of the journal are clearly specified on the journal website
c) Criteria used by reviewers to rate submissions and types of submissions posted
d) The website indicates whether all submissions are sent out for review and who will make final decisions about them
e) The website provides targeted duration of the peer-review process
f) Authors will be updated concerning the status of submissions (e.g., under review)
g) Journal discloses the past (yearly) number of submissions, publications, and rejection rates
h) Journal's website highlights issues of publication ethics, copyright, conflicts of interest, and publication fees